10 Best sockets of 2020

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Sockets guide

Hardly anyone can get by without electricity today. Whether at home or at work, electricity is an important part of our lives. We cook with it, turn on our light and the computer in the office. Even outside, the lanterns and traffic lights are lit by electricity. An important part of this is the outlet, because by means of which we get only electricity. But what exactly is the outlet and above all, what is behind it?

Definition and structure

The socket connects plug connections of all lines within a building. They are connected to the public electricity network, but are located inside the house or apartment below the house wall. By means of the socket all electrical appliances in the house / apartment can be connected and supplied with power. As a rule, at least 3 in each room sockets There are usually more in the kitchen and living room. There are single sockets and double sockets as well as flush-mounted and surface-mounted sockets. Are usual sockets with single-phase current of 230 volts or those with three-phase current, which are supplied with 400 volts. standardized sockets work with DC (12 volts).

The inner part of a socket (from the back) consists essentially of a grounding rail, which is provided with claws, support rings, earthing clips and claw screws as a protective measure. This rail is located in the claw housing, and at the bottom it is provided with guide ribs in the base. The visible part of a socket (front view) consists of a silver support ring. This has openings for cavity wall and device box assembly for international purposes. There are also catchy claw screws, release lever for the ladderas well as a notch. This is useful for targeting multiple combinations.

Safety of sockets

Basically, all are sold in Germany sockets from SCHUKO if they have been installed correctly. They have contact openings which run inwards and thus an optimally secured contact protection. But sometimes this is not enough. This is the case, for example, when there are small children in the household. They unsuspectingly insert thin, long objects into them and it’s already happening, they get a (mostly lethal to lethal) electric shock. There are plastic sockets, which are plugged into the socket. But there are also special sockets, which have an extra high protection. This is, for example, a hinged lid in front of the can, a control light or an overvoltage protection. Very modern sockets even have an automatic switch-off if moisture, defective devices or line damage are present. Particularly suitable are these sockets with residual current circuit breaker for all wet rooms and in the basement and garden.

National and international in use

Sockets are available in almost every country in the world. But they do not look like ours in Germany. Our Schuko sockets and plugs consist of two contact pins, belong to group type F and have an external and neutral conductor. The Schuko system is designed for voltages of 220 – 240 volts. In America, the tension is already much lower. It is just 110 volts. The American plug consists of two flat contact pins and a round protective conductor. Therefore, American outlets have three holes or two slots and a hole. These two flat, mutually parallel contacts belong to the group type A. Although the standard 240 volt system is used in Asia, the sockets and plugs have a different design. These plugs have either two flat pins or three flat pins that are a lot bigger than the German ones. Therefore, you should look closely before a stay abroad, which adapter is needed for the Umsteck.

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*Last update on 2020-11-04 / Affiliate links(we get a commission when you buy on amazon) / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API