10 Best smoke detector of 2020

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Smoke detector guide

He is small and inconspicuous – and yet he can save lives: the smoke detector , However, it is often not enough to install only such a device in the apartment or in the house, because: The obligation to install applies to all bedrooms and children’s rooms as well as escape routes, such as the hallway. Everything about you smoke detector should know, explains this guide!

Smoke detectors are mandatory in almost all federal states

The building law in Germany is a matter of country. For this reason, there is no nationwide uniform regulation regarding the installation of smoke detectors. In new buildings and the installation of small helper is now mandatory in all provinces. In Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony and Bremen, the deadline for retrofitting existing buildings expired on 31 December 2015 – in this respect, each building in these regions should now have the functional warning devices on the ceilings. Since 1 January 2016 and 1 July 2016, the installation of smoke detectors is also mandatory in Saxony and Brandenburg. Berlin was the last federal state to declare smoke detectors; it will come into force on 1 January 2017.

Why smoke protection is so enormously important

Statistics show: Most fire victims crash at home – at night. The reason for the death of the persons is not the fire itself, but rather the smoke. He surprises and poisons people in their sleep. During the sleep phase the body’s sense of smell is deactivated so to speak – a smoke development can therefore not be noticed. This leads to a smoke poisoning, which can sometimes cause serious damage to health and in the worst case leads to death. To the riskprevent the installation of smoke detectors is essential. When smoke develops, the devices will sound a loud alarm. Man awakens and can bring himself and his relatives safely to safety.

As smoke detector function

Designed for the home or office smoke detector are easy to install. An additional wiring is not needed. The size of the useful utensils is about one ordinary coffee pot, smoke detector You can buy everywhere in the specialized trade. Each version is equipped with a battery that powers the device. Approximately 30 days before the battery is fully discharged, the smoke alarm will signal that the owner is alerting you to an upcoming battery change. How exactly does the helper work?

The smoke detectors for private households, which are sold in Germany, work according to an optical principle. They emit light beams at regular intervals. In clear air, these light rays are not reflected in the smoke detector. However, as soon as smoke particles appear in the air and there is a risk of fire, the situation is different: the light beams emitted by the smoke detectors are thrown back directly and detected by the respective sensor, which then sounds a shrill alarm tone.

Tip: To ensure optimum protection, you should only use smoke detectors that carry a CE mark including the test number. In addition, the German Association for the Advancement of German Fire Protection recommends preferring devices with the specification EN 14604.

Tips for the correct installation of smoke detectors

As the smoke always rises, you should always smoke detector on the horizontal blanketand do not mount on the wall. It is best to choose a place in the middle of the room – with a minimum distance of 50 centimeters to the wall. Proximity to air ducts or strong drafts should be avoided.

In and of itself smoke detectors are maintenance free. Nevertheless, you should test them regularly to check if they are functional. For this purpose press the test button. If the beep stops, there is a fault. Furthermore, the smoke inlets must not be dirty – this is to be observed.

Note: In the case of a rented apartment, the landlord usually has to pay for the installation of smoke detectors. The only exception is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern – here the tenant is asked to pay.

How to avoid a false alarm

False alarms are rare, but they do occur. To avoid it, you can take various measures. Here some examples:

– switch off smoke detectors during heavy dust building or a party with many smokers

– Do not install smoke detectors in the bathroom or in the kitchen (when showering or cooking, many particles are released and could trigger a false alarm)

If the tips of this guide are followed, you are on the safe side!

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*Last update on 2020-11-04 / Affiliate links(we get a commission when you buy on amazon) / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API